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ERIC Number: ED454354
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999
Pages: 32
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Preparation of Middle Grades Teachers in an Era of High Stakes and High Standards: Philadelphia's Predicament.
Useem, Elizabeth; Barends, Robert; Lindermayer, Kirsten
This report discusses the need for specialized preparation for teachers in Philadelphia's middle grades, summarizing other states' requirements and options for licensure in the middle grades. It profiles exemplary middle school teacher education programs and describes middle level programs currently being offered in the area's higher education institutions. Philadelphia's public schools have a serious shortage of qualified teachers, particularly in grades 6-8, while school districts in the rest of the state have an oversupply of teachers. Philadelphia's 42 middle schools have great difficulty attracting and retaining qualified, committed teachers, and 8th grade standardized achievement scores are low. In the 1990s, many states were moving in the direction of offering and/or requiring middle grades licenses or endorsements. In 1999, 42 states offered middle level credentials, versus 33 in 1992. Of the 19 Philadelphia area colleges and universities, 3 have specialized teacher education programs aimed at the middle grades. Exemplary programs nationwide emphasize teachers' knowledge of one or two academic subject areas; young adolescents' developmental needs; instructional strategies to motivate students; and organizational practices that promote student learning and a collegial professional community among the staff. They also include intensive field experiences. (SM)
Philadelphia Education Fund, 7 Benjamin Franklin Parkway, Philadelphia, PA 19103. Tel: 215-665-1400; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: William Penn Foundation, Philadelphia, PA.
Authoring Institution: Philadelphia Education Fund, PA.