ERIC Number: ED454341
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Apr-10
Reference Count: N/A
Principal Success and Perceptions of Organizational Constraint in City Schools: A Multi-Site Case Study.
This study examined three inner-city public elementary school principals whose schools had most significantly improved across a 2-year period as measured by a district-wide index of performance, investigating their perceptions of organizational constraint and their resulting practices. The performance index was obtained using students' SAT-9 standardized test scores, student and teacher attendance, retention rates, and percentage of students who scored below basic on their SAT-9 tests. Interviews were conducted with principals, school teacher leaders, and subdistrict leaders. Results revealed several common themes among the principals, their working partners, and the school district. However, there was distinct variation among principals, lead teachers, and subdistrict leaders in their reports of organizational constraint on principals' autonomy. Recurring themes included the integral importance of the principal to school success; constraints on resources, time, and communication; the relationship between the school and its subdistrict; and the overall emphasis on results as the prime determinant of principal and school success. The most important variable in principal autonomy was the relation between the school and the subdistrict office and, in particular, the relationship between the principal and the subdistrict leader. Appended are principal profiles. (Contains 31 references.) (SM)
Descriptors: Administrator Effectiveness, Elementary Education, Inner City, Organizational Climate, Principals, Public Schools, Urban Schools
Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Seattle, WA, April 10-14, 2001).
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Stanford Achievement Tests