ERIC Number: ED454255
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
A New Era of School Reform: Going Where the Research Takes Us.
Marzano, Robert J.
This monograph attempts to synthesize and interpret the extant research from the last 4 decades on the impact of schooling on students' academic achievement. The central thesis is that educators stand at the dawn of a new era of school reform. The discussion, which is somewhat technical in nature, relies on five indices to describe the relationship between student achievement and various school, teacher, and student-level factors. These are: (1) percent of variance explained; (2) the correlation coefficient; (3) the binomial effect size display; (4) the standardized mean difference effect size; and (5) percentile gain. The first section of the paper includes the introduction and chapters 2 and 3, which review the literature on previous attempts to identify the variables impacting student achievement. The second section, chapters 4, 5, and 6, presents a discussion of the research on school level variables. The final section, chapter 7, considers the implications of the findings for school reform. Findings indicate that schools can influence student achievement profoundly. The conclusions suggest that student achievement can be affected strongly if schools provide teachers with well-articulated curricula. They should optimize their use of instructional time, establish achievement goals for students and monitor those goals, and they must communicate a clear message that high academic achievement is the primary goal of the school. It is important to involve parents, maintain an orderly and cooperative environment, and involve staff in all key decisions. (Contains 38 tables and 152 references.) (SLD)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Analysis of Variance, Educational Change, Educational Research, Effect Size, Elementary Secondary Education, Instructional Effectiveness, Outcomes of Education, Tables (Data)
Mid-continent Research for Education and Learning, 2550 S. Parker Road, Suite 500, Aurora, CO 80014. Tel: 303-337-0990; Fax: 303-337-3005; Web site: http://www.mcrel.org.
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Mid-Continent Research for Education and Learning, Aurora, CO.
IES Cited: ED544778