ERIC Number: ED454158
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Can Thinking Skills be Taught? SCRE Spotlights 79.
This literature review on teaching thinking skills examines information from the British Education Index, ERSDAT, and ERIC database. After discussing whether thinking skills can be taught, it describes what science says (e.g., there is much to learn about the working brain, and much of the growth in human brains occurs in early childhood), concluding: that brains are capable of further development, learning requires active learner participation in a social environment, and learners must have teacher support. Thinking skills include being able to collect information, brainstorm new ideas, problem solve, and make decisions, assuming that thinking goes beyond knowledge acquisition and includes the processes of knowing and reflecting on thinking. Higher order thinking skills are important for many reasons, including: individuals cannot store sufficient knowledge in their memories for future use, and modern society requires active citizenship. Two main approaches to teaching accelerated cognition include offering specifically designed programs and embedding it in the curriculum. Examples of such approaches are presented, noting what research says about them and presenting conclusions drawn from the research related to: the concept of the mind, a possible framework, a possible third approach, outcomes, what is achievable, and information and communications technology. (Contains 15 references.) (SM)
Descriptors: Brain, Cognitive Processes, Critical Thinking, Decision Making, Elementary Secondary Education, Information Technology, Problem Solving, Skill Development, Thinking Skills
Scottish Council for Research in Education, 15 St. John Street, Edinburgh, EH8 8JR, Scotland, United Kingdom. Web site: http://www.scre.ac.uk/scot-research/thinking/.
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Scottish Council for Research in Education, Edinburgh.