ERIC Number: ED454117
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
The Cuban Education System: Lessons and Dilemmas. Country Studies: Education Reform and Management Publication Series, Vol. 1, No. 5.
The record of Cuban education encompasses universal school enrollment and attendance; nearly universal adult literacy; proportional female representation at all levels, including higher education; a strong scientific training base, particularly in chemistry and medicine; consistent pedagogical quality across widely dispersed classrooms; and equality of basic educational opportunity, even in impoverished areas, both rural and urban. In a recent regional study of Latin America and the Caribbean, Cuba ranked first in mathematics and science achievement at all grade levels, among both males and females. Cuba's education system has performed so well due to the continuity of its education strategies, which are sustained by high levels of investment and a comprehensive and carefully structured system. The growing body of international research on educational quality and effectiveness has developed broad agreement on many of the factors associated with high school quality and effectiveness. These factors range from systemic factors such as a sufficiency of facilities and resources, a supportive policy environment, and parent and community involvement in schools, to school-based factors such as high expectations, clear goals, creative use of high-quality instructional materials, employment of motivated teachers, ongoing professional development, comprehensive assessment and feedback, and teacher and student involvement in defining, carrying out, and evaluating learning processes and outcomes. The Cuban education system adopted many of these features independently of the school effectiveness and quality research. This paper discusses those features as well as ongoing tensions facing the system. (Contains a 66-item bibliography and five annexes. (BT)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Comparative Education, Educational Policy, Educational Practices, Educational Resources, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Public Education, School Effectiveness
Education Reform and Management Team, The World Bank, 1818 H Street, NW, Washington, DC 20433; Tel: 202-473-1825; Fax: 202-522-3233; e-mail: BBruns@worldbank.org. For Full Text: http://www.worldbank.org/education/globaleducationreform/.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: World Bank, Washington, DC. Human Development Network.
Identifiers - Location: Cuba