ERIC Number: ED454060
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995
Toward a Cognitive-Science Perspective for Scientific Problem Solving. NARST Monograph, Number Six.
Lavoie, Derrick R., Ed.
This book attempts to review and extend current knowledge and perspectives on scientific problem solving by utilizing the framework of cognitive science. While the focus of the monograph is toward problem solving, its ultimate goal is the improvement of science teaching. Twelve chapters address problem solving in a variety of science content domains including biology, chemistry, physics, mathematics; process skills domains: hypothesizing and predicting; contexts: everyday and school settings; and educational foci: assessment, use of analogies, and applications of technology. With varying degrees of emphasis, each chapter addresses problem solving relative to research-based background, theoretical ideas and issues, practical applications for science teachers, and directions for further research. Knowledge representation, transfer, processing capacity, cognitive growth, distributed cognition, and context are topics that continue to remain challenging for problem solving researchers. With many of the chapters describing applications of computers, it is clear that technology will play an increasing role relative to the teaching, learning, evaluation, and research of scientific problem solving. Individual chapters contain references. (SAH)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Computer Assisted Instruction, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education, Problem Solving, Science Education, Teaching Methods, Technology
NARST, 1929 Kenny Road, 200E, Columbus, OH 43210-1080.
Publication Type: Books; Collected Works - General
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Association for Research in Science Teaching.