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ERIC Number: ED454013
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Feb
Pages: 28
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
No One Remembers a Winter Like This: A Year at the Navajo Agency, 1882-1883.
Lockard, Louise
This paper documents a single year in the history of Navajo education from the perspective of the Navajo Agent Dennis Matthew Riordan. It draws on Riordan's correspondence, 1882-83, with the Secretary of the Interior, with Captain Richard Henry Pratt at the Carlisle Indian Industrial School, and with his brother. In December 1882, Riordan arrived in Fort Defiance, Arizona, from Ohio to assume the post of Agent to the Navajo. In his first letter to the Secretary of the Interior, Riordan deplores the conditions of the school, and as the year continues, he writes of his efforts to maintain sod buildings; rebuild the school; provide water by building a dam, flume, and storage tank; obtain funds to feed the teachers and students; and combat crime. Riordan rebuilt the school and traveled to Hampton Institute in Virginia and to Carlisle Indian School in Pennsylvania, where he recruited the first Native American teachers for the Ft. Defiance school. Their employment was terminated less than a year later, due largely to the "surrounding circumstances." Riordan's letters poignantly depict his struggles to make living and schooling conditions a little better for the Indians in his Agency, his views on the benefits of education in terms of acculturation and modernization, and his frustrations with the unresponsive bureaucrats in Washington. (SV)
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Arizona