ERIC Number: ED453995
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997
Reference Count: N/A
Indigenous People and Development in Latin America: A Literature Survey and Recommendations. Latin American Monograph & Document Series 12.
Roper, J. Montgomery; Frechione, John; DeWalt, Billie R.
This report presents findings and conclusions gleaned from a review of 42 cases of indigenous development in Latin America. Findings indicate that the lack of a legal framework for indigenous rights presents a basic obstacle to indigenous self-development; the most common aspect of successful indigenous development was involvement of indigenous peoples in the development and management of initiatives; and the way in which outside financial and technical assistance was provided was more important to project success than the availability of such assistance. Project failure was related to human rights problems, problems with the security of land and natural resources, lack of community involvement, and marketing problems. Project success was related to the level of necessary skills and knowledge, use of indigenous knowledge, cultural relevance, and successful marketing strategies. Recommendations for successful indigenous self-development focus on basic human rights; maintenance of food security; guarantees for property rights to land, water, and other natural resources; community involvement; maintenance of group solidarity, self-esteem, and cultural pride through bilingual education and literacy training; use of existing indigenous organizing principles; nonexploitative arrangements, appropriate economies of scale, and diversified production; appropriate types of financial assistance and technical assistance; and state support of indigenous self-development. Appendices present case matrices, a coding form, and a Venezuelan case study. (Contains 116 references.) (TD)
Descriptors: American Indians, Civil Liberties, Cultural Awareness, Cultural Maintenance, Economic Development, Educational Needs, Foreign Countries, Indigenous Populations, Participative Decision Making, Self Determination, Technical Assistance
Center for Latin American Studies, 4E04 Forbes Quadrangle, University of Pittsburgh, PA 15260. Tel: 412-648-2199; Web site: http://www.pitt.edu/~clas/.
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Pittsburgh Univ., PA. Center for Latin American Studies.; World Bank, Washington, DC.