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ERIC Number: ED453962
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Apr
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Children's After-School Activities as Opportunities To Develop Cognitive Skills.
Perez, Susan; Gauvain, Mary
Noting that there has been increasing interest in the past 20 years in the contributions of children's everyday experiences to their intellectual growth, this study examined the contribution of everyday experience during middle childhood to the cognitive skill of planning. The major focus of the study was to identify whether children have opportunities to develop and practice planning skills in their everyday experience, describe how parents are involved, and compare practices across European American and Hispanic communities. Participating in the 3-year longitudinal study were 118 mothers (83 European American and 35 English-speaking Latino American) and their children (61 girls, 57 boys), beginning when the children were 7 or 8 years old. The Daily Activities Survey was given to mothers and children separately at all three waves of data collection. Findings indicated that 85 percent of children went home after school, and 12 percent went to day care. Children regularly participated in 2.98 organized activities and 8.48 informal activities. Findings indicated that children's opportunities to decide on their after-school activities changed over middle childhood. Much of children's experience deciding future behaviors occurred for informal activities, and this experience increased over middle childhood. Hispanic parents were more likely than European American parents to decide on their children's informal activities on their own. Girls had more opportunity to decide on informal activities on their own than boys did during these years. Gender-related patterns differed in European American and Hispanic families. Parents of European American boys or Hispanic girls and their children were more likely to share decision making regarding informal activities than the other dyads. Parents and children tended to share in the decision making for organized activities, and there was little change in this pattern over middle childhood. (Eight tables detail findings. Contains 12 references.) (KB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A