ERIC Number: ED453718
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000
Reference Count: N/A
Financing Higher Education in Africa: Makerere, the Quiet Revolution. Tertiary Education Thematic Group Publication Series.
This article is part of a series examining the state of higher education in Africa at the end of the 20th century. It tells the dramatic story of how Makerere University in Uganda has addressed the pervasive problem of how to provide quality education at the tertiary level without undue financial dependence on the state. It describes the main reform measures adopted, considers some of the reasons for the success of the chosen measures, identifies remaining issues for attention and looks at the question of sustainability. In the past 7 years, Makerere has moved from the point of collapse to the point where it can aspire to be one of the preeminent capacity-building and intellectual resources in Uganda. Restructuring has had three central and related elements: (1) implementing alternative financing strategies; (2) installing new management structures; and (3) introducing demand-driven courses. In the space of 5 years, Makerere has moved from an institution where none of the students paid fees to one at which more than 70% do. More than 30% of the university's revenue is not internally generated, and the cost to the government has been dramatically reduced, allowing the channeling of more funds to primary education in Uganda. Among the most important contextual factors has been macro economic reform in the country. Inside the university, much of the credit must go to university leadership, which has been imaginative and energetic. Still to be resolved are issues related to the regulatory framework that governs Makerere's relationship to the growing network of private universities in Uganda. The accomplishment of Makerere demonstrates the variety of contextual and institutional factors that are needed for effective management of resources. (Contains 2 tables, 1 figure, and 20 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Rockefeller Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: World Bank, Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Location: Uganda