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ERIC Number: ED453680
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Oct
Pages: 45
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Bilingual Preschool Education in the United States and Panama: A Comparative Analysis.
Valdivia, Rebeca
This paper compares bilingual education policy and practice in Panama and the United States. Particular issues studied include the following: the social context of bilingual education in the two countries; programming and policy differences; teacher qualifications; availability of age-appropriate materials; and administrative support, level of community support, and legal backing. Findings include the following: skills and proficiency in languages other than English are more respected in Panama than the United States; second language learning is typically introduced at an earlier age in Panama; U.S. bilingual education programs have transition into English as the primary goal, while Panamanian programs seek to maintain Spanish while teaching English; both countries suffer from a shortage of qualified teachers; and there are much greater expectations for parent involvement in the United States. (Contains 54 references.) (KFT)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Panama; United States