ERIC Number: ED453664
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000
Reference Count: N/A
The Nature of the Initial State Zulu L2 Grammar and Subsequent Interlanguage Development.
Edinburgh Working Papers in Applied Linguistics, n10 p15-31 2000
A notable feature of developing interlanguage grammars is the apparent optionality in those areas of grammar where optionality is not characteristic of stable state grammars. In the Valueless Features Hypothesis, it is proposed that the appearance of apparent optionality in the very early stages of interlanguage development is due to the partial presence of functional categories at the initial state of non-native language development. The study reports on the study of acquisition of verb movement in Zulu by English native speakers. The results indicate non-optionality of verb movement at the initial state, and intermediate stage of interlanguage development wherein optionality sets in as a result of grammar competition and an expert stage in which verb movement has been fully acquired. The paper concludes that, contrary to the claims of the Valueless Features Hypothesis, initial state second language grammars have a full inventory of functional categories transferred from the first language (L1). Subsequent interlanguage development is, therefore, from absolute L1 influence to optionality at intermediate stages and the resolution of optionality at ultimate attainment. (Contains 42 references.) (Author/KFT)
Descriptors: English, Error Analysis (Language), Foreign Countries, Grammar, Interference (Language), Interlanguage, Language Acquisition, Learning Processes, Linguistic Theory, Native Speakers, Psycholinguistics, Second Language Instruction, Second Language Learning, Syntax, Uncommonly Taught Languages, Verbs
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: South Africa