ERIC Number: ED453541
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2001-May
Increasing Recreational Reading through the Use of Read-Alouds.
McCarthy, Susanne; Nicastro, Jan; Spiros, Irene; Staley, Kathleen
This report describes a program implemented to improve attitudes toward recreational reading. The targeted population consisted of kindergarten, first, third, and fifth grade students from one urban and two suburban school districts in a major metropolitan area in northern Illinois. Evidence for the existence of the problem included surveys of parents' and students' attitudes toward reading and teacher observation checklists of students' free-time choices. Analysis of probable cause data revealed that there were a variety of outside influences infringing upon students' motivation to read for recreational purposes. Included among these factors were: lack of modeling by parents and teachers, lack of reading ability, past failures in reading, other outside interests such as television, video games, and sports, inappropriateness and scarcity of reading materials in the home, and inappropriate instruction in the classroom. A non-reading home environment also contributed to the lack of value placed on reading. A review of the solution strategies suggested by the professional literature and an analysis of the problem resulted in the development of a read-aloud intervention process. Reading aloud to students helped them to develop background knowledge about a variety of subjects, build vocabulary, become familiar with rich language patterns, develop familiarity with story structure, develop understanding of the reading process, and identify reading as an enjoyable activity. This intervention also included creating a comfortable and print-rich reading environment and teacher modeling. Post-intervention data indicated that students' recreational reading habits improved, the students' desire for their teacher to read aloud to them on a daily basis increased, and students' reading habits at home were positively influenced. (Contains 26 references, 2 tables, and 6 figures of data. Appendixes contain parent surveys, student surveys, observation checklist, a 21-item recommended list of read-aloud books, and a consent form.) (Author/RS)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
Note: Master of Arts Action Research Project, Saint Xavier University and SkyLight Professional Development.