ERIC Number: ED453487
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Depression and Low-Income Women: Challenges for TANF and Welfare-to-Work Policies and Programs.
Lennon, Mary Clare; Blome, Juliana; English, Kevin
This report reviews the literature on the prevalence, treatment, and consequences of depression in low-income women with an emphasis on the relationship between depression and employment. Recent changes in welfare policy, such as the five-year lifetime limit on assistance and requiring recipients to obtain jobs after two years of continuous support, have increased the concern about depression among women on welfare. The literature reports that levels of depression are higher in welfare mothers when compared to a community sample of women. Research generally focuses on depression as an obstacle to employment among welfare recipients but depression can limit a woman's capacity to retain employment, can be brought on by poor quality jobs, and can be triggered by job loss. Depression also compromises a mother's ability to effectively raise her children, thus interventions for mothers must include strategies for reaching their children. Although effective therapies exist to treat depression, it remains largely untreated. Income, health insurance, and ethnicity are often barriers to seeking and receiving treatment. Identifying and treating those in need of mental health services will require more effective screening techniques. Additional studies of low-income women could provide helpful information on the onset, course, and treatment of depression. (Contains 157 references.) (JDM)
Descriptors: Child Rearing, Depression (Psychology), Employment, Females, Health Care Costs, Help Seeking, Literature Reviews, Low Income Groups, Mothers, Welfare Recipients
National Center for Children in Poverty, 154 Haven Avenue, New York, NY 10032. Tel: 212-304-7150; Fax: 212-544-4200; Fax: 212-544-4201; e-mail: email@example.com. For full text: http://www.researchforum.org.
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (DHHS/PHS), Rockville, MD. Center for Mental Health Services.
Authoring Institution: Columbia Univ., New York, NY. National Center for Children in Poverty.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Temporary Assistance for Needy Families