ERIC Number: ED453375
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Sep-27
Reference Count: N/A
Education, Work and Crime: Theory and Evidence. Rochester Center for Economic Research Working Paper No. 465.
A dynamic model of decisions to work, invest in human capital, and commit crime was developed and examined. By making all three activities endogenous, the model explains why older, more intelligent, and more educated workers tend to commit fewer property crimes of some types than others. The model includes the following predictions: (1) policies providing education, training, and work subsidies can reduce criminal activity; however, short-term wage subsidies only temporarily reduce crime at the expense of future crime rates; (2) a rise in youth crime should accompany the recent rise in returns to skill, whereas most adult crime rates may rise or fall; and (3) law enforcement policies increase education, training, and labor supply while reducing criminal activity. When the model's testable implications were studied by analyzing data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY), Current Population Survey (CPS), and Uniform Crime Reports (UCR), both ability and high school graduation were found to significantly reduce criminal participation among young men in the NLSY. Evidence from the UCR and CPS indicated that states with higher high school graduation rates and more severe punishment policies have lower index property crime rates. (Fourteen tables/figures are included. The bibliography lists 42 references.) (MN)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Age Differences, Comparative Analysis, Crime, Crime Prevention, Criminals, Decision Making, Education Work Relationship, Educational Attainment, Educational Benefits, Educational Economics, Employment Patterns, High School Graduates, Human Capital, Influences, Investment, Labor Force Development, Law Enforcement, Longitudinal Studies, Models, Motivation, National Surveys, On the Job Training, Outcomes of Education, Postsecondary Education, Predictor Variables, Public Policy, Punishment, Role of Education, Secondary Education, State Action, State Legislation, Statistical Analysis, Tables (Data), Theory Practice Relationship, Trend Analysis, Young Adults, Youth, Youth Problems
W. Allen Wallis Institute of Political Economy, Rochester Center for Economic Research, 107 Harkness Hall, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Rochester Univ., NY. W. Allen Wallis Inst. of Political Economy.
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: National Longitudinal Survey of Youth