ERIC Number: ED453373
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Adult Continuing Education: An Integral Part of Lifelong Learning. Emerging Policies and Programs for the 21st Century in Upper and Middle Income Countries. World Bank Discussion Paper.
Fretwell, David H.; Colombano, Joe E.
Adult continuing education (ACE) can be a major force in human capital development and an integral part of lifelong learning. Although recognition of the importance of ACE in developed countries is increasing, the impact of ACE is not well understood in some middle-income countries (MICs), there is a lack of leadership, and the sector is somewhat underdeveloped. ACE must be viewed as a number of interrelated policies and delivery systems reflecting the needs of different clients and components of ACE. Successful governance of ACE depends on involving key stakeholders. Major issues that need to be addressed include equity, access, and support for career progression for adults. Although individuals and/or employers often bear the financial costs of ACE, there is recognition of the need for investment of some public funds to support ACE programs in literacy and foundation education and for some categories of clients to ensure access and promote equity objectives. MICs that are developing ACE as an integral part of lifelong learning must adopt policy and delivery models addressing learning objectives through a combination of short- and long-term programs to a broad range of clients in what are often nonconventional settings. (Contains 20 tables/figures/boxes and 26 references.) (MN)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Adult Education, Adult Learning, Articulation (Education), Certification, Comparative Analysis, Continuing Education, Delivery Systems, Developed Nations, Developing Nations, Disadvantaged, Distance Education, Education Work Relationship, Educational Administration, Educational Finance, Educational Policy, Educational Practices, Educational Technology, Educational Theories, Employment Patterns, Employment Qualifications, Enrollment Trends, Equal Education, Financial Support, Foreign Countries, Government School Relationship, Human Capital, Job Skills, Lifelong Learning, National Standards, Needs Assessment, Nongovernmental Organizations, Outcomes of Education, Postsecondary Education, Role of Education, Salary Wage Differentials, Theory Practice Relationship, Training, Trend Analysis, Workplace Literacy
Adult Outreach Education Thematic Group, Human Development Network/Education, The World Bank, 1818 H Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20433-0002. Tel: 202-473-2941; Web site: http://www.worldbank.org. For full text (in MS Word format): http://www.worldbank.org/education/adultoutreach/FRETWELL.do c.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: World Bank, Washington, DC. Human Development Network.
Identifiers - Location: Australia; North America; South America