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ERIC Number: ED453292
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Apr-11
Pages: 20
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
An Analysis of Kohlberg's "Stage 4 1/2" within an Enhanced Framework of Moral Stages.
Minnameier, Gerhard
This paper discusses a well-known problem of stage categorization within Kohlberg's theory of moral stages (L. Kohlberg, 1973), that of "Stage 4 1/2." Some subjects previously scored at stage 4 in Kohlberg's framework took on some characteristics of stage 2 reasoning, which suggested the possibility of regression. To reconcile this puzzling pattern in a framework that did not allow for regression, Kohlberg developed a stage 4 1/2, which was considered an intermediate between stages 4 and 5. Kohlberg, and later E. Turiel (1974), tried to interpret this developmental deviation as a marked phase of transition. This paper outlines the taxonomy of moral stages and the principles guiding the genetic construction of stages. The paper also presents an example from a longitudinal study of the analysis of the reasoning of one young man over a duration of 6 years. This analysis shows how the individual developed into, and out of, Kohlberg's stage 4 1/2. The case is made that the conflicts Turiel found in his analysis of stage 4 1/2 subjects' reasoning existed only in his own perspective as a third person evaluating the reasoning of the subjects. Their reasoning reflects the structural aspects that characterize Kohlberg's stage 4 1/2 according to a new taxonomy that calls this stage a stage in its own right. The suggested new stage can integrate Kohlberg's stage 4 1/2 as a genuine stage of moral reasoning. (Contains 24 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A