ERIC Number: ED453245
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2001-Apr-13
America's Reform Inferno: The Nine Layers of Accountability.
Duffy, Mark C.
Findings are reported from a 50-state survey of state assessment and accountability systems conducted by the Consortium for Policy Research in Education in 2000. A four-step process was used to collect and verify data for the preparation of state profiles. Nine common layers of accountability have been identified: (1) a statewide system of measurement; (2) performance reporting; (3) achievement targets or goals; (4) categories of success; (5) school improvement planning requirements; (6) technical assistance and support; (7) rewards; (8) sanctions; and (9) school takeover, reconstitution, or closure. This analysis, which is an expansion of work done by S. Fuhrman and others, explores state policies related to these levels, focusing on school-level planning, the use of performance targets, categories or levels of accreditation, public reporting, and consequences for performance. Each state has taken from some or all of these layers to build its system of accountability. Regardless of the degree to which states hold schools accountable, it appears that U.S. schools will be left to use the limited funds they have to improve assessment scores to the best of their ability. The reform inferno will remain the hot topic it is in education for the foreseeable future. (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Seattle, WA, April 10-14, 2001). For an analysis based on the same study, see TM 032 795.