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ERIC Number: ED453129
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001
Pages: 98
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: ISBN-1-884136-18-4
Fieldwork in the Geography Curriculum: Filling the Rhetoric-Reality Gap. Pathways in Geography Resource Series, Title No. 22.
Rice, Gwenda A.; Bulman, Teresa L.
Fieldwork provides an opportunity to reinforce previous class-based learning and presents students with an opportunity to encounter new ideas and practice new skills. In the K-12 classroom, however, the rhetoric-reality gap between the declared need for fieldwork and doing fieldwork is striking. This project seeks to narrow the gap between rhetoric and reality by providing K-12 teachers with guidelines for integrating fieldwork into the geography curriculum. The emphasis throughout the project is on strategies that are local, small-scale, easy to implement, and inexpensive. The project framework is comprised of three interlinked approaches: observation, investigation, and inquiry. These approaches represent a progression in skills from activities that are teacher-directed, qualitative, and prescriptive to those that are more student-directed, interactive, and open-ended. The guide includes thirteen step-by-step examples of fieldwork activities, addressing the National Geography Standards and the Advanced Placement Human Geography Course, in both physical and human geography for grades K-12 and the university level. It provides checklists for pre-field planning, reconnaissance of the site, preparation and training, data collection, and evaluation of the findings. The project guide is divided into the following chapters: (1) "Fieldwork in the Geography Curriculum: Filling the Rhetoric-Reality Gap"; (2) "Survey of the Literature on How Fieldwork Affects Learning"; (3) "Designing, Planning, and Implementing Fieldwork"; and (4) "Examples of Fieldwork." Contains extensive references, as well as many tables, figures, cartoons, and photographs. (BT)
National Council for Geographic Education, 16A Leonard Hall, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Indiana, PA 15705-1087 ($14.95); Tel: 724-357-6290; Fax: 412-357-7708; E-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Teachers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Council for Geographic Education.