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ERIC Number: ED453122
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Apr
Pages: 40
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Under Construction! Temporal Identities of Kindergarten Children in Mexico and the United States.
Hardin, Belinda J.; Figueras, Olimpia
This qualitative study investigated the temporal identities of 4- and 5-year-old children in Mexico and the United States, and the conditions that shaped changes in their ideas about time after they entered public school kindergarten. The study also examined the children's families, communities, and classrooms to gain a comprehensive view of the culture of time in each setting. A literature review was used to draw conclusions about common themes of time, which formed the conceptual framework for the study. The framework encompassed these five areas: (1) temporal structures; (2) timekeepers; (3) emotional bonds to time; (4) temporal language; and (5) nonrhythmic cues. A maximum variation sample (Patton, 1990) was used to capture central themes across diverse cultural, socioeconomic, and geographic areas. Twelve kindergarten children constituted the case studies; six from North Carolina and six from the state of Campeche, Mexico. Three phases of data were collected through semi-structured interviews and activities, observational field notes, and a review of documents related to state policies and standards. Results showed the children entered school with a complex network of temporal constructs. During the kindergarten year these were challenged by encounters with more formal approaches to time that emphasized structured daily schedules and conventional timekeeping. As the children developed new ways to organize, use, and understand time, the boundaries and content of their temporal identities changed. Contextual factors across sociocultural systems played a vital role in this process. Findings suggest that formal schooling should take into account the informal knowledge that children develop in home, community, and sociocultural systems regarding the construction of time concepts. Contains 5 tables and 12 references. (BT)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Mexico; North Carolina