ERIC Number: ED453080
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999-Nov-30
Students' Explanatory Style, Goal Orientation and Achievement in Mathematics: A Longitudinal Study.
Yates, Shirley M.
During childhood students develop habitual, characteristic, optimistic or pessimistic causal explanations for the everyday events in their lives. Furthermore, they acquire attributional patterns for their educational successes and failures which influence their attitudes, motivations and goals. In this study, relationships between primary and lower secondary school students' optimistic or pessimistic explanatory style, task involvement and ego orientation goals and achievement in mathematics are examined over a period of almost three years. While achievement in mathematics is most strongly related to prior achievement, there are significant relationships between students' explanatory style and achievement in mathematics and between students' explanatory style and task involvement goals. Students' gender and grade level are also important factors. The implications of these findings for education are discussed and suggestions made for future studies. (Contains 43 references.) (Author)
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Intermediate Grades, Junior High Schools, Longitudinal Studies, Mathematics Achievement, Mathematics Instruction, Sex Differences, Student Attitudes, Student Educational Objectives
For full text: http://www.aare.edu.au.
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Combined Annual Meeting of the Australian Association for Research in Education and the New Zealand Association for Research in Education (Melbourne, Australia, November 29-December 2, 1999). This study was supported by a Flinders University Research Board Establishment Grant.