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ERIC Number: ED452913
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001
Pages: 8
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Are All Community Colleges Alike?
Cohen, Arthur M.
While there are many ways to differentiate among community colleges (size, control, student characteristics, etc.), there have been few attempts to categorize them. The Carnegie Foundation's classification system, published first in 1971 and since revised several times, categorizes research universities, comprehensive institutions, liberal arts colleges, and specialized institutions, differentiating them by the amount of federal research money received annually, number of graduate degrees offered, number awarded, etc. However, Carnegie does not differentiate between community colleges, listing them all together as "Associate in Arts Institutions." This document proposes criteria and categories for meaningful classification of community colleges that could be integrated into the pending 2005 Carnegie classification system revision. Criteria include: (1) the measures used must be valid for community colleges; (2) the data must be reliable, national in scope and readily available (such as from the National Center for Education Statistics' Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS)); (3) the categories must be readily understandable, discrete as well as meaningful; and (4) resulting information must be descriptive, not evaluative. Suggested categories (which might each be rated as "High,""Medium," or "Low") include college size; per capita expenditure on instruction; amount of auxiliary revenue generated by the college; and the ratio of full-time faculty. (PGS)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A