ERIC Number: ED452466
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2000-Nov
National Evaluation of the Youth Firearms Violence Initiative.
Between 1985 and 1994 the rate of violent criminal acts committed by juveniles rose sharply. Juvenile homicides committed with a handgun more than doubled. This bulletin discusses the national evaluation of the Youth Firearms Violence Initiative (YFVI), a program initiated by the Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) to fund interventions that employed community policy approaches to decrease the number of violent fireman crimes committed by youth, including gang-and drug-related offenses. Five intensive sites (Baltimore, Cleveland, Inglewood, Salinas, San Antonio) were chosen for the YFVI initiatives. The evidence from Inglewood and Salinas supported the view that the YFVI intervention coincided with a significant drop in the level of gun crime, although at the other sites the interventions did not yield the same results. Efforts seem to depend on how departments conceived the initiative and the consistency of their focus. The federal government can play a stronger role in ensuring that participating departments adhere to the strategic goals and objectives. Funding agencies should adopt a timetable that more closely matches the exigencies of the world in which most departments operate. Care must also be taken not to impose Federal solutions on local problems. (Includes 8 exhibits.) (JDM)
Descriptors: Adolescents, At Risk Persons, Community Programs, Crime, Crime Prevention, Guns, Juvenile Justice, National Programs, Program Development, Violence
For full text: http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/nij.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Department of Justice, Washington, DC. National Inst. of Justice.; Abt Associates, Inc., Washington, DC.