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ERIC Number: ED452440
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Aug-6
Pages: 28
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Interpersonal Violence between College Students: Proximal Influences.
Marcus, Robert; Reio, Thomas; Kessler, Lauren; Cutler, Kelley; Fleury, John
This paper presents the results of a 3 year study on violence between students at the University of Maryland. The study was designed to: (1) describe the prevalence of fighting between students; (2) analyze, by gender, students' description of their most recent physical fight with another for proximal influences on these altercations; (3) analyze proximal and distal influences on severity of injuries which occurred in the fights; and (4) make recommendations for improvement to campus policy toward reducing campus violence. Surveys were completed by 385 undergraduates (200 males; 185 females). The results showed that 32.7% of males and 17.3% of females had at least one physical fight in the previous six months. While males fought at bars and on campus, females fought in the privacy of their own homes. Physical fighting on campus is far from rare, and 9% of students suffered injuries requiring medical attention. Alcohol consumption was present in 40% of the violent episodes. Based on individual proximal risk factors, by gender as well as distal risk factors, it should be possible to construct a list of risks for violence and then set recommendations for risk reduction. One suggestion is that males stepping away from a confrontation with a stranger in front of friends would likely lower the risk of harm. Students should be educated to know the risks and risk prevention strategies. Policies should be constructed so that punishments are clear and consequences are known, instead of allowing for acceptance of fighting or excusing individuals because they were intoxicated. (Contains 11 figures, 1 table, and 15 references.) (JDM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A