ERIC Number: ED452429
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2001-Jan
Help Wanted...College Required. ETS Leadership 2000 Series.
Carnevale, Anthony P.
By the time today's eighth graders reach age 28-29, approximately 66% will have had some kind of postsecondary education or training. There has been a dramatic upward shift in the education and skill requirements for all occupations. Access to higher education has become the threshold for career success. Elite managerial and professional jobs, which are the highest-paid jobs, go primarily to people with bachelor's degrees. The good jobs held by crafts workers, technicians, clerical workers, and others go mainly to people with some college but no degree. The less-skilled, lowest-paid jobs go to less-educated workers, many of whom are in transition to more skilled jobs or are combining work and schooling. Although average earnings for women are still lower than average earnings for men, the correlation between education and earnings has increased dramatically for both genders in the past 2 decades. The jobs that employ the most skilled workers are growing the fastest. The most skilled students are more likely to attain higher levels of education. A strong high school curriculum lowers the hurdles to college graduation at every socioeconomic status, especially for minorities. Social capital factors, such as parental expectations, also play a strong role in educational attainment. (Contains 37 figures.) (MN)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Access to Education, Asian Americans, Blacks, Career Development, College Graduates, Comparative Analysis, Credentials, Degrees (Academic), Education Work Relationship, Educational Attainment, Educational Benefits, Educational Demand, Educational Needs, Educational Status Comparison, Employed Women, Employment Level, Employment Opportunities, Employment Patterns, Employment Practices, Employment Qualifications, High School Graduates, High Schools, Hispanic Americans, Human Capital, Influences, Job Skills, Needs Assessment, Occupations, Outcomes of Education, Postsecondary Education, Relevance (Education), Salary Wage Differentials, Skilled Occupations, Social Capital, Socioeconomic Status, Student Characteristics, Trend Analysis, Unskilled Occupations, Whites
For full text: http://www.ets.org/research/dload/HelpWanted.pdf.
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ.
Note: From the Business-Education Partnerships Conference (Chicago, IL, January 8-9, 2001). Produced with Donna M. Desrochers, Richard A. Fry, and Stephen R. Rose, Educational Testing Service, Office of Public Leadership.