ERIC Number: ED452422
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2000-Oct
Solving the Many Problems with Inner City Jobs. Upjohn Institute Staff Working Paper.
Bartik, Timothy J.
Inner-city business development is often proposed as a solution to inner-city poverty. However, research evidence suggests that creating new jobs in the inner city is unlikely by itself to increase significantly the employment or earnings of the inner-city poor. Public subsidies for inner-city business development may be justified by greater environmental, congestion, and fiscal benefits of inner-city versus suburban business location decisions. Research suggests that some boost in inner- city business development may be provided by a combination of economic development incentives and enhanced public services. A different set of policies must be used to increase the earnings of the inner-city poor. Employment solutions to inner-city poverty should include two components: (1) creating more effective labor market intermediaries to make it easier for inner-city residents to find good jobs and for employers throughout the metropolitan area to find good inner-city workers; and (2) enhancing the job skills of the inner-city poor, particularly their "soft skills," by training programs that have closer ties to employers and incorporate subsidized employment experience. Given the magnitude of the poverty problem, any realistic policy to significantly reduce inner-city poverty through enhanced earnings will require tens of billions of dollars of annual government spending. (Contains 12 references.) (Author/KC)
Descriptors: Adults, Community Development, Economic Development, Economic Factors, Economic Impact, Economically Disadvantaged, Employment Opportunities, Futures (of Society), Incentives, Inner City, Interpersonal Competence, Job Development, Job Skills, Job Training, Needs, Policy Formation, Poverty, Poverty Areas, Public Agencies, Public Policy, Structural Unemployment, Wages
W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 300 South Westnedge Avenue, Kalamazoo, MI 49007, Tel: 616-343-4330, Fax: 616-343-7310, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, Web site: http://www.upjohninst.org ($3). For full text: http://www.upjohninst.org/publications/wp/00-66.pdf.
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Upjohn (W.E.) Inst. for Employment Research, Kalamazoo, MI.
Note: Comments made on the issue area "Competitiveness: Economic Development and Workforce Strategies" part of the "Bridging the Divide" conference (Washington, DC, December 13-14, 1999); http://www.huduser.org/publications/pdf/brd/10BtDSummary.pdf. Research supported in part by the Russell Sage Foundation, the Rockefeller Foundation and the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD).