ERIC Number: ED452370
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
The Workforce Investment Act of 1998: Restructuring Workforce Development Initiatives in States and Localities. Rockefeller Report No. 12.
O'Shea, Daniel; King, Christopher T.
The Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (WIA) was the first significant attempt to retool the nation's workforce development programs since the early 1980s. Titles I-V of the WIA do the following things: (1) establish the purposes, goals and operational framework of a workforce development system designed to increase participants' employment, retention, occupational skills, and earnings through one-stop centers in all local workforce investment areas; (2) reauthorize adult education and family literacy programs through fiscal 2003; (3) amend the Wagner-Peyser and related acts; (4) reauthorize Rehabilitation Act programs and link them to state and local workforce development systems; and (5) authorize states to unify workforce programs and other general provisions. Key features of the WIA are as follows: planning; one-stop service delivery; work-first and service sequencing; systemic accountability; and market mechanisms. Research on implementation of the WIA in Texas, Tennessee, and Washington has identified a number of practical issues related to funding, the one-stop approach, access to training, and information management that states must face as they attempt to implement the WIA. Those planning and implementation issues take on greater significance in the context of the following significant issues arising under the WIA: authority, autonomy, collaboration, personal responsibility, and market versus institutional approaches. (MN)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Accountability, Adult Education, Adult Literacy, Career Centers, Delivery Systems, Economic Factors, Educational Finance, Educational Legislation, Educational Policy, Employment Services, Family Literacy, Federal Government, Federal Legislation, Federal State Relationship, Financial Support, Government Role, Government School Relationship, Information Management, Job Training, Labor Force Development, Policy Formation, Program Implementation, Public Policy, State Action, State Federal Aid, State Programs, Systems Approach, Vocational Rehabilitation, Welfare Recipients
For full text: http://www.rockinst.org/publications/press_releases/OsheaKing.pdf.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, MI.; Edna McConnell Clark Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: State Univ. of New York, Albany. Nelson A. Rockefeller Inst. of Government.
Identifiers - Location: Tennessee; Texas; Washington
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Job Training Partnership Act 1982; Rehabilitation Act Amendments 1992; Workforce Investment Act 1998