ERIC Number: ED452333
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001
Reference Count: N/A
Are Immigrants Leaving California? Settlement Patterns of Immigrants in the Late 1990s.
Passel, Jeffrey S.; Zimmermann, Wendy
This paper uses data from the U.S. decennial censuses and March Supplements to the Current Population Survey of 1995-99 to examine the historic patterns of immigrant settlement within the United States, recent shifts in these patterns, and the extent to which changes are due to the international versus internal migration, focusing particularly on California. The paper examines the characteristics of internal migrants, comparing those moving out, those moving in, and those staying put. It also revisits the welfare magnet theory to see if immigrants are drawn to states with the strongest safety nets for immigrants. The data strongly suggest that jobs, economic opportunity, and family are the principal reasons people move between states, and the availability of welfare plays only a negligible role in determining the settlement patterns of immigrants. During the latter half of the 1990s, California's share of the immigrant population dropped, while the immigrant population overall continued to grow nationwide, with many immigrants settling in new places. These new growth states, with little experience integrating immigrants, will receive not only more immigration but will have a larger share of immigrants who have recently arrived and are unfamiliar with U.S. customs and institutions.(Contains 10 references.) (SM)
Descriptors: Economic Factors, Geographic Distribution, Immigrants, Immigration, Mexicans, Migration Patterns, Population Distribution, Residential Patterns, Welfare Services
Urban Institute, 2100 M Street, NW, Washington, DC 20037. Tel: 202-261-5678-7200 or 202-261-5621; Web site: http://www.urban.org.
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Ford Foundation, New York, NY.; Hewlett Foundation, Inc., Garden City, NY.; Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Urban Inst., Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Location: California