ERIC Number: ED452332
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2000-Oct-20
Has the Rise of the Digital Economy Reduced Employment Opportunities for Less-Educated Adults? Working Papers on Regional Economic Opportunities.
This paper explores the impact of emerging information technology on employment opportunities for non-college-educated and minority individuals during 1986-99, examining whether shifts in employment toward information technology related to upward shifts in skills that led to reduced entry-level and total employment opportunities for noncollege-educated and minority workers. The paper categorizes out-of-school, noninstitutionalized people as: nonhigh school graduates; high school graduates; some college graduates, including people with two-year degrees; and greater than or equal to college graduates. Employment is classified into core technology occupations, other-technology occupations, and basic occupations. Core technology occupations grew substantially faster than other occupation groups. There was a general upgrading of skills within occupations across industries. Minorities, except Latinos, experienced increases in relative education and skills. Employment per capita for the noncollege-educated workers group increased. Less-educated workers improved their employment during the latter 1990s in the core technology occupation group. Skills did not upgrade for entry-level workers in the basic occupation group, and education levels among these workers declined. Noncollege-educated, entry-level workers saw strong employment growth in basic occupations and modest growth in other technology-related occupations. (SM)
Descriptors: Educational Attainment, Elementary Secondary Education, Employment Opportunities, Employment Patterns, Entry Workers, Graduation, Higher Education, Information Technology, Job Skills, Minority Groups, Racial Differences
Urban Institute, 2100 M Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20037. Tel: 202-833-7200; Fax: 202-429-0687; Web site: http://www.urban.org.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Urban Inst., Washington, DC.
Note: With Lynette Rawlings and Mark Turner. Funded by a grant from PolicyLink in Oakland, CA and the Bay Area Video Coalition in San Francisco, CA.