ERIC Number: ED452328
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Before and after Reform: How Have Families on Welfare Changed? New Federalism: National Survey of America's Families, Series B, No. B-32. Assessing the New Federalism: An Urban Institute Program To Assess Changing Social Policies.
Zedlewski, Sheila R.; Alderson, Donald W.
This report examines data on differences between 1997 and 1999 recipients of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF). Data came from two rounds of the National Survey of America's Families. The number of single parents on welfare who reported living with a partner doubled between 1997 and 1999. There was no change in the proportion of families with no parent present. The share of families reporting their race as black rose. Fewer adults receiving welfare reported no work activity in 1999 than in 1997. Among recipients with barriers to employment, the amount of work activity, especially paid work, increased significantly. Neither the percentage of adult recipients in school nor the percentage looking for work changed significantly. Employment barriers included poor health, limited education, minimal work experience, and family responsibilities. TANF recipients in 1999 reported serious health problems in high numbers, with a nonsignificant increase from 1997-99. Nonhealth barriers did not increase significantly between 1997-99. Of the 1999 TANF recipients, new entrants as a group were less disadvantaged than stayers. Welfare cyclers generally resembled stayers more than they did new entrants. The clearest difference between 1997 and 1999 TANF recipients was the increase in paid work. (SM)
Descriptors: Blacks, Employment Patterns, Ethnicity, Family Characteristics, Health Needs, Mothers, One Parent Family, Racial Differences, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Reform, Welfare Services
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Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Annie E. Casey Foundation, Baltimore, MD.; Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, MI.; Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Princeton, NJ.; Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, Menlo Park, CA.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.; David and Lucile Packard Foundation, Los Altos, CA.; John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Mott (C.S.) Foundation, Flint, MI.; McKnight Foundation, Minneapolis, MN.; Commonwealth Fund, New York, NY.; Weingart Foundation, Los Angeles, CA.; Fund for New Jersey, East Orange.; Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation, Milwaukee, WI.; Joyce Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Rockefeller Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Urban Inst., Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Temporary Assistance for Needy Families