ERIC Number: ED452301
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Urban Poverty and Juvenile Crime: Evidence from a Randomized Housing-Mobility Experiment. JCPR Working Paper.
Ludwig, Jens; Duncan, Greg J.; Hirschfield, Paul
This paper uses data from a randomized housing-mobility experiment to study the effects on juvenile crime of relocating families from high- to low-poverty neighborhoods. Since 1994, the Department of Housing and Urban Development's Moving to Opportunity (MTO) experiment has assigned families from high-poverty Baltimore neighborhoods into three different groups. Experimental group families receive housing subsidies, counseling, and search assistance to move to private market housing in low-poverty census tracts. Section 8-only group families receive private market housing subsidies with no program constraints on relocation choices. A control group receives no special assistance under MTO. Outcome measures come from juvenile arrest records taken from the Maryland Department of Justice. Analysis of MTO data suggests large reductions (30-50 percent) in arrests for violent crimes among experimental and Section 8-only teens relative to controls. This paper describes the MTO experiment in detail, offers a conceptual framework, examines study data, presents key results, and discusses implications of the findings. (Contains 46 references.) (SM)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Blacks, Child Safety, Crime Prevention, Delinquency, Ghettos, Housing Needs, Low Income Groups, Poverty, Relocation, Urban Areas, Violence
University of Chicago, Joint Center for Poverty Research (JCPR), 1155 E. 60th Street, Chicago, IL 60637. Tel: 773-702-0472; Fax: 773-702-0926; Web site: http://www.jcpr.org. For full text: http://www.jcpr.org/ wp/WPprofile.cfm?ID=162.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Spencer Foundation, Chicago, IL.; William T. Grant Foundation, Washington, DC. Commission on Youth and America's Future.; Department of Housing and Urban Development, Washington, DC.; Georgetown Univ., Washington, DC.; Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, New York, NY.; Smith Richardson Foundation, Inc., Greensboro, NC.
Authoring Institution: Joint Center for Poverty Research, IL.
Identifiers - Location: Maryland (Baltimore)