ERIC Number: ED452300
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Aug-27
Reference Count: N/A
Sexual Intercourse and Pregnancy among African-American Adolescent Girls in High-Poverty Neighborhoods: The Role of Family and Perceived Community Environment. JCPR Working Paper.
Moore, Mignon R.; Chase-Lansdale, P. Lindsay
This study used data from a random sample of African American families living in poor urban communities to examine: how well socialization, supervision, and marital transition hypotheses explained the relationship between family structure and the probability of sexual debut and pregnancy for African American adolescents in disadvantaged neighborhoods; how the quality of the parent-child relationship related to the probability of initiating sex and experiencing a pregnancy for girls in these neighborhoods; and, given a context of structural disadvantage, the extent to which an individual's ability to participate in socially organized aspects of her community correlated with delayed sexual activity. Surveys of and interviews with teens and their parents indicated that there was limited support for socialization, supervision, and marital transition hypotheses as explanations for the probability of sexual debut and pregnancy. Stronger parent-child relationships related to delayed sexual onset but did not relate to pregnancy experience. Adolescents' perceptions of social support and cohesion among neighborhood adults related to a decreased probability of pregnancy, while the odds of pregnancy were higher for teenagers with no working adults in their social networks. (Contains 64 references.) (SM)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Blacks, Community Characteristics, Family Influence, Females, Neighborhoods, Parent Child Relationship, Poverty, Pregnancy, Secondary Education, Sexuality, Socialization, Urban Areas
University of Chicago, Joint Center for Poverty Research (JCPR), 1155 E. 60th Street, Chicago, IL 60637. Tel: 773-702-0472; Fax: 773-702-0926; Web site: http://www.jcpr.org. For full text: http://www.jcpr.org/ wp/WPprofile.cfm?IED-117.
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Carnegie Corp. of New York, NY.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.; Chicago Health Policy Research Council, IL.; National Inst. of Mental Health (DHHS), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: Joint Center for Poverty Research, IL.