ERIC Number: ED452299
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Apr-15
Reference Count: N/A
Bullets Don't Got No Name: Consequences of Fear in the Ghetto. JCPR Working Paper.
Kling, Jeffrey R.; Liebman, Jeffrey B.; Katz, Lawrence F.
To understand the impact of high poverty neighborhoods on families, researchers collected data from participants at the Boston site of the Department of Housing and Urban Development's Moving To Opportunity (MTO) program, which randomly assigned housing vouchers to applicants living in high poverty public housing projects. This allowed families to move to private apartments, typically in lower poverty neighborhoods. The qualitative fieldwork included observation of Boston's MTO and participant interviews. This work caused researchers to refocus their quantitative data collection on substantially different outcomes, primarily related to safety and health. In subsequent quantitative work, researchers found the largest program effects in the domains suggested by qualitative interviews. The qualitative work led researchers to develop an overall conceptual framework for considering the impacts of impoverished neighborhoods on families and how moves to lower poverty neighborhoods might affect them. They observed that fear of random violence caused parents in inner city neighborhoods to focus significant daily effort on keeping their children safe. Later quantitative research confirmed that the intensity of parental monitoring was reduced among families offered housing vouchers. By listening to MTO families, researchers learned lessons with important implications for housing policy. (Contains 18 references.) (SM)
Descriptors: Child Health, Child Safety, Children, Family Life, Fear, Ghettos, Housing Needs, Low Rent Housing, Neighborhoods, Parents, Poverty, Urban Areas, Violence
University of Chicago, Joint Center for Poverty Research (JCPR), 1155 E. 60th Street, Chicago, IL 60637. Tel: 773-702-0472; Fax: 773-702-0926; Web site: http://www.jcpr.org. For full text: http://www.jcpr.org/wp/WPprofile.cfm?ID=247.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Joint Center for Poverty Research, IL.
Identifiers - Location: Massachusetts (Boston)