ERIC Number: ED452293
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-May
Reference Count: N/A
Food Security and Hunger in Poor, Mother-Headed Families in Four U.S. Cities. The Project on Devolution and Urban Change Working Paper.
Polit, Denise F.; London, Andrew S.; Martinez, John M.
Drawing on 1998-99 survey and ethnographic data from research on the implementation and effects of welfare reform in four large cities, this paper describes the food security of mother-headed families in highly disadvantaged urban neighborhoods who had received or currently receive cash welfare benefits. The families of four groups of women were compared: those who worked and no longer received welfare; those who combined welfare and work; nonworking welfare recipients; and those who neither worked nor received welfare. Food insecurity in the prior year was high in all groups. About half the families were food insecure. There was hunger in over 15 percent of families. Nearly one-third of the families had food hardships affecting children's diets. Food insecurity was highest among families where mothers had neither employment income nor welfare benefits and lowest among families where mothers worked and no longer received welfare, though even in this group, 44.5 percent were food insecure, and 15 percent had experienced hunger. Interview data indicate that, in this population, women who are food secure expend considerable energy piecing together strategies to ensure an adequate amount of food available for themselves and their children. (Contains 58 references.) (SM)
Descriptors: Child Health, Employment, Family Income, Hunger, Mothers, One Parent Family, Poverty, Urban Areas, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Services
Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation, 16 East 34 Street, New York, NY 10016. Tel: 212-532-3200; Web site: http://www.mdrc.org.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: George Gund Foundation, Cleveland, OH.; Cleveland Foundation, OH.; California Wellness Foundation.; Edna McConnell Clark Foundation, New York, NY.; Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, DC.; Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC.; James G. Irvine Foundation, San Francisco, CA.; Alcoa Foundation, Pittsburgh, PA.; Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, MI.; Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Princeton, NJ.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.; Mott (C.S.) Foundation, Flint, MI.; Joyce Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Pew Charitable Trusts, Philadelphia, PA.
Authoring Institution: Manpower Demonstration Research Corp., New York, NY.