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ERIC Number: ED452286
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Feb
Pages: 53
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Cost of Protecting Vulnerable Children II: What Has Changed Since 1996? Occasional Paper Number 46. Assessing the New Federalism: An Urban Institute Program To Assess Changing Social Policies.
Bess, Roseanna; Leos-Urbel, Jacob; Geen, Rob
Given recent changes to child welfare financing brought about by the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996, there is a need to track spending for child welfare services. This report documents states' total child welfare spending from federal, state, and local sources in state fiscal year (SFY) 1998; changes in total spending since SFY 1996; changes in federal, state, and local spending since SFY 1996; states' spending on contracted services in SFY 1998; and how funds were used for out-of-home placements, adoption, administration, or other services. Data come from the 1997 and 1999 Child Welfare Surveys. States provided expenditure data for programs, case management, administration, and operation of child welfare systems. These data included staffing and administrative expenses and expenditures on services provided by other agencies under contract to the child welfare agency. States also provided expenditure data from federal, state, and local resources and categorized how funds were used. Overall, states expended at least $15.6 billion on child welfare services in SFY 1998; states were increasing their claims for Title IV-E funds; little funding was targeted for prevention services; states' heavy reliance on nontraditional federal funds for child welfare continued; within out-of-home placements, the focus of state-only funds had shifted; reliance on local spending was increasing; and states expended at least $3.4 billion on contracted services in SFY 1998. (SM)
Urban Institute, 2100 M Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20037. Tel: 202-833-7200; Fax: 202-429-0687; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, MI.; Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Princeton, NJ.; Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, Menlo Park, CA.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.; David and Lucile Packard Foundation, Los Altos, CA.; John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Mott (C.S.) Foundation, Flint, MI.; McKnight Foundation, Minneapolis, MN.; Commonwealth Fund, New York, NY.; Jesse Stuart Foundation, Ashland, KY.; Weingart Foundation, Los Angeles, CA.; Fund for New Jersey, East Orange.; Annie E. Casey Foundation, Baltimore, MD.; Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation, Milwaukee, WI.; Joyce Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Rockefeller Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Urban Inst., Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunities Reconciliation Act