ERIC Number: ED452270
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
The Nature and Development of Boys' and Girls' Self-Perceptions and Value Judgements in Math through Grades 7 to 11 in Australia: An Application of Latent Growth Modeling.
Watt, Helen M. G.
This study traced boys' and girls' developmental trajectories for key constructs within the Expectancy-Value theoretical framework in relation to secondary school mathematics, using latent growth modeling. These trajectories were contrasted, and explanations were suggested for gender and age effects where they occur. The participants spanned grades 7 to 11 in a longitudinal cohort sequential design comprising 1,323 students in 3 cohorts from 3 upper middle class coeducational government schools in metropolitan Sydney, Australia. The combined sample provides information on students from grades 7 to 11, with replication of grade effects across cohorts. Growth models were estimated for self-perceptions (perceived talent and success expectancies) and values (interest and utility judgments) in relation to mathematics. Declines were evident for all perceptions, with gender differences in each case except for utility judgments. Results are interpreted in terms of understanding how boys and girls differ and develop with respect to each of these key constructs and the operation of ex-typed or gender-differentiated socialization influences. In addition, the critical intervention points for each attitudinal construct are identified from inspection of the point at which change occurs. The contribution of this study lies first in its empirical clarification of constructs used and also in its examination of the development of constructs that have been identified as influential in predicting achievement-related choices and behaviors, and contrasting these developmental trajectories for boys and girls from junior through senior high. A subsidiary contribution lies in the fact that the study sample comprises Australian students, who have been less frequently studied in the expectancy-value literature than have students from the United States. (Contains 7 tables, 5 figures, and 34 references.) (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia