ERIC Number: ED452222
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001
Reference Count: N/A
From Science to Fiction: Measurement and Representation of an Idea. No. 78.
Two scientific ideas have been discerned in 20th century thinking: the structuralism common in Europe and the functionalism apparent in the United States. This paper presents two experiments in text analysis. One discusses the behaviorist writing style of Ernest Hemingway. It hypothesizes that since he is a behaviorist in practice, he should be a functionalist in thought. The basis for this hypothesis is the functionalistic Visual Cliff experiments in which a device was built for testing depth perception with the use of a behavior component. A text sample from Hemingway's 1927 short story, "The Killers," was studied through Perspective Text Analysis, and the result, portrayed in graphical terms, shows consistency between mind and practice in the sense that Hemingway is proved to be a functionalist throughout. The second experiment concerns the analysis of a test item that is supposed to be a description of the idea of functionalism. It has been difficult for students to distinguish this item from an item describing behavioralism. Using the same method, Perspective Text Analysis, it is shown that the item is a real representation of functionalism in that its functional component is transparent through the behavioral. It is concluded that the result of the two experiments is an invariant structure of the idea of functionalism. (Contains 9 figures and 27 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Lund Univ. (Sweden). Cognitive Science Research.; Copenhagen Univ. (Denmark).