ERIC Number: ED451928
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Children's Understanding of Dreams.
Meyer, Sarah A.; Shore, Cecilia M.
Children's understanding of dreams as mental states was examined as an instance of their development of a "theory of mind." Thirty-five children between three and seven years of age were interviewed to determine how well they understood the reality, location, privacy, origin, and controllability of their own dreams, versus that of a fictional character, matched for emotional valence. Children's theory of mind developments (understanding appearance versus reality and perspective-taking) were evaluated as predictors of dream understanding. Findings revealed significant age increases in dream understanding that occur in a logical sequence predicted by Kohlberg (1969). Theory of mind developments were correlated with children's understanding of the unreality and privacy of dreams. The findings suggest that children as young as 6 have learned that Western culture deems dreams to be non-real, private, psychological occurrences. (Author/EV)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A