ERIC Number: ED451915
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Early Childhood Intervention Programs: What Do We Know? JCPR Working Paper.
Early intervention programs are a continuing focus of public interest and debate; questions center around defining quality in early intervention and how intervention affects children's lives. This paper reviews research on center-based early childhood education programs for children between birth and school entry that emphasize school readiness as a goal. Some of the programs include home visiting or parenting skills components, but the discussion excludes programs that have these components as their primary focus. The paper begins in section 1 with a discussion of reasonable goals for early intervention programs; the theoretical case for early intervention is then reviewed in section 2. An overview of the evidence regarding the effects of model programs appears in section 3, and a discussion of the evidence regarding large-scale public early intervention programs (such as Head Start) follows in section 4. While sections 3 and 4 focus on the issue of whether or not the programs work, section 5 peers into the "black box" of program design to discuss what is known about how they work: what can be said about the optimal timing, targeting, and content of early intervention programs on the basis of existing studies? The paper concludes with a discussion of the circumstances in which the benefits are likely to outweigh the costs of providing such programs. Contains 100 references. (EV)
Descriptors: Cost Effectiveness, Early Intervention, Educational Objectives, Literature Reviews, Outcomes of Education, Preschool Education, Program Design, Program Effectiveness, School Readiness, Young Children
For full text: http://www.jcpr.org.
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA.; Canadian Inst. for Advanced Research, Toronto (Ontario).
Authoring Institution: Joint Center for Poverty Research, IL.