ERIC Number: ED451908
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Prenatal and Early Childhood Nurse Home Visitation. Juvenile Justice Bulletin.
Olds, David; Hill, Peggy; Rumsey, Elissa
This issue of the Juvenile Justice Bulletin provides information on the Prenatal and Early Childhood Nurse Home Visitation program, designed to help low-income, first-time parents start their lives with their children on a sound course and prevent the health and parenting problems that can contribute to the early development of antisocial behavior. Nurses begin home visits during pregnancy and continue until a child is 2 years old. These visits help pregnant women improve their health, and teach new mothers how to care for their children and provide a positive home environment. The bulletin outlines key program components and presents evidence related to how the program reduces three major risk factors: (1) adverse maternal health-related behaviors during pregnancy; (2) child abuse and neglect; and (3) a troubled maternal life course. The bulletin also presents evidence detailing the program's effectiveness in reducing these risks. Specifically noted is a 15-year follow-up of the home visitation program, which found that adolescents whose mothers received nurse home visits over a decade earlier were 60 percent less likely than comparable peers to have run away, 55 percent less likely to have been arrested, and 80 percent less likely to have been convicted of a crime. The bulletin also presents information on cost savings, four times the initial expenditure by the time high-risk children reach age 15. Contains 38 references. (KB)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Antisocial Behavior, At Risk Persons, Delinquency, Early Intervention, Health, Home Visits, Infants, Mothers, Nurses, Parents, Prevention, Program Effectiveness, Toddlers
Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse, P.O. Box 6000, Rockville, MD 20849-6000. Tel: 800-638-8736 (Toll Free); Fax: 301-519-5212.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, DC.; National Institutes of Health (DHHS), Bethesda, MD.; Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Princeton, NJ.; Grant (W.T.) Foundation, New York, NY.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Department of Justice, Washington, DC. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.