ERIC Number: ED451890
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Oct-28
Reference Count: N/A
Family Structure, Parental Investment, and Educational Outcomes among Black South Africans. Population Studies Center Research Report.
Anderson, Kermyt G.
This study examined the relationship between family structure, expenditures on education, and children's educational outcomes for black South Africans, using the nationally representative 1995 October Household Survey. The analyses focused on 28,215 individuals, ages 10 to 24 years, who had not completed secondary schools. The findings indicated that although enrollment levels were high for most ages, schooling advancement rates were well under one grade per year, suggesting high rates of grade repetition. Controlling for background factors, family structure was highly correlated with educational outcomes. The strongest effects were seen for children living with neither of their genetic parents, who were less likely to be enrolled in school, had completed fewer grades, were older for their grade if enrolled, and had less money spent on their school fees and school-related transportation costs than children living with both genetic parents. Children who lived with single mothers were also disadvantaged for most measures. Family structure played a strong role in the probability that a child was enrolled in school; additional effects were evident, although diminished in strength, for outcomes affecting only enrolled students, age delays for grade, and financial expenditures on schooling. In addition, past academic progress influenced expenditures on school; children who were behind in school for their age (indicative of previous grade repetition) had less money spent on their schooling, above and beyond the effects of family structure on schooling expenditures. The findings suggest that family structure is an important contributor to educational inequality in South Africa, although there are important caveats regarding self-selection into different family types, as well as issues of school quality. (Contains 63 references.) (Author/KB)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Adolescents, Blacks, Comparative Analysis, Enrollment, Expenditures, Family Financial Resources, Family Structure, Fatherless Family, Foreign Countries, Grade Repetition, National Surveys, Nuclear Family, One Parent Family, Young Adults
Population Studies Center, University of Michigan, P.O. Box 1248, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1248. Web site: http://www.psc.isr.umich.edu/pubs/.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Hewlett Foundation, Inc., Garden City, NY.; National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.; National Inst. on Aging (DHHS/NIH), Bethesda, MD.; Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Population Studies Center.
Identifiers - Location: South Africa