ERIC Number: ED451786
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999-Aug
State of Diffusion: Defining Student Aid in an Era of Multiple Purposes.
Cunningham, Alisa Federico; Parker, Thomas
This report describes the development of student aid policies and explores the multiple purposes toward which various types of aid are now directed. The transformation of student aid has occurred over three periods, a national economic era from the end of World War II to the mid-1960s, a universal access era lasting through the 1970s, and a diffusion of purposes era since the early 1980s. These purposes may be broadly defined as: (1) encouraging access and choice for qualified needy students through student aid; (2) furthering persistence toward a degree; (3) promoting affordability for lower-income students; (4) promoting affordability for middle-income students; (5) rewarding student scholarship; (6) targeting specific groups and priorities; (7) improving institutional financial and administrative accountability; (8) managing institutional enrollment; and (9) redistributing state taxpayer revenue. Identifying the overlap and competition among the multiple purposes of student aid is not just an analytical exercise; the diffusion has had the practical effect of creating a splintered constituency of beneficiaries and political interests who have a stake in existing financial aid policies. Reviewing these purposes, policymakers must consider whether the vehicle of postsecondary educational opportunity should be used to accomplish purposes that are secondary to the achievement of opportunity. (Contains 7 tables, 9 figures, and 84 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Ford Foundation, New York, NY.; Education Resources Inst., Boston, MA.
Authoring Institution: Institute for Higher Education Policy, Washington, DC.
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
Note: Prepared for the New Millennium Project on Higher Education Costs, Pricing, and Productivity.