ERIC Number: ED451497
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-May-1
Reference Count: N/A
Remarks as Prepared for Delivery by U.S. Secretary of Education Rod Paige: International Reading Association.
This speech by the United States Secretary of Education questions why so many American students are failed by the nation's educational systems. The speech cites data from the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) which finds that fewer than a third of the country's fourth graders can read proficiently at grade level. It also reports that the total average scores are flat, and that after decades of "business-as-usual school reform," too many of the nation's children still cannot read. The speech focuses on research-based reading instruction as a solution to these problems. It states that the National Reading Panel reached several conclusions about teaching reading: (1) teaching phonemic awareness to children significantly improves their reading; (2) understanding the relations between sounds and letters helps students from K-6th grade and children having difficulty learning to read; (3) fluent readers are able to read orally with speed, accuracy, and proper expression; (4) vocabulary development, background knowledge, text comprehension strategies are all critical to the development of reading comprehension; and (5) guided oral reading procedures that include guidance from teachers, peers, or parents have a significant and positive impact on word recognition, fluency, and comprehension. The paper explains that President Bush is committed to ensuring that every child can read by the third grade, and that his budget would create a $900 million Reading First initiative which will translate the research to classroom activities and to student performance. It also discusses Head Start and other early reading programs. (NKA)
Descriptors: Elementary Education, Instructional Effectiveness, Phonemic Awareness, Preschool Education, Reading Achievement, Reading Comprehension, Reading Instruction, Reading Programs, Reading Research, Student Needs
For full text: http://www.ed.gov/Speeches/05-2001/010501.html.
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Department of Education, Washington, DC. Office of the Secretary.
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: National Assessment of Educational Progress