ERIC Number: ED451434
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2001-Apr
Predicting Categories of Improvement among Counseling Center Clients.
Hummel, Thomas J.; Lichtenberg, James W.
In looking at whether clients will improve with counseling, counselors must first determine what kinds of outcomes are likely with certain clients. In order to make probabilistic statements about individual client outcomes, rather than about the more generalized outcome of counseling, a different approach is needed. Using data from counseling clients (N=1,811) who participated in a nationwide study of college and university counseling centers, an ordinal regression analysis was used to estimate the probabilities of four categories of client improvement using six independent variables. Four of these variables were found to be significant predictors of outcome in a previous study; two were included as a result of discussions about the previous study. Five of the variables were based on information that a counselor meeting a client for the first time would have available. The results show that previous experience as a client; readiness to change; level of symptomatic and interpersonal distress; pre-counseling clinical status; and the number of counseling sessions in which clients may be involved with are significantly related to probabilities of positive outcomes of treatment. Counselors can learn about what interventions work with different clients and will be better able to provide clients with information they need before they decide to enter counseling. (Contains 3 tables and 17 references.) (JDM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Seattle, WA, April 10-14, 2001).