ERIC Number: ED451391
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Literacy-Based Supports for Young Adults with FAS/FAE [Fetal Alcohol Syndrome/Fetal Alcohol Effects].
Raymond, Margaret; Belanger, Joe
During a 1-year period, a study investigated the contributions made by 3 literacy-based supports (support circles, cognitive compensatory tools, and cognitive enhancement tools) to the lives of 5 young adults, aged 16-34, with FAS/FAE (Fetal Alcohol Syndrome/Fetal Alcohol Effects). Four of the five subjects had IQs (intelligence quotients) above 70 (thus not qualifying for government help), but had major difficulties living without support. Formal literacy-based support circles were created for three of the subjects, and informal circles already existed for the other two. The goals of these circles were to help the individuals cope with transitions that youth with disabilities face (employment, living arrangements, transportation, financial independence, making friends, sexuality, self-esteem, and having fun). The circles were most successful with the oldest subject, who understood her problems and welcomed help, while the technique was least successful with one subject who wanted nothing to do with it. These three literacy-based cognitive compensatory tools were designed to help the subjects organize their lives: a weekly magnetic calendar, cleaning support tools, and a student tracker system. In addition, two cognitive enhancement tools, Directions Personal Planning Tool and chatrooms, were used. The study found that although the circles and the tools used were effective, one of the major difficulties was maintaining the commitment of the circle members, who found it physically and emotionally draining. (Five case studies and 54 references are included.) (KC)
Descriptors: Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled), Adults, Community Based Instruction (Disabilities), Coping, Daily Living Skills, Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, Foreign Countries, Functional Literacy, Helping Relationship, Independent Living, Interpersonal Competence, Learning Disabilities, Literacy, Literacy Education, Mental Retardation, Social Networks, Social Support Groups
For full text: http://www.nald.ca/fulltext/lbsupprt/Doc1.pdf.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Human Resources Development Canada, Hull (Quebec). National Literacy Secretariat.; British Columbia Ministry of Advanced Education, Training and Technology, Victoria.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada