ERIC Number: ED451363
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Engineering Skills Formation in Britain: Cyclical and Structural Issues. Towards a National Skills Agenda. Skills Task Force Research Paper 7.
Cyclical and structural issues in engineering skills formation in Great Britain were studied through a review of recent employment patterns, income patterns, employment projections, recent trends in education and training, and recent developments in technology and work organization. The review focused on the following issues: (1) the extent and nature of mismatches between the supply of and demand for engineering skills; (2) the extent to which engineering skill problems are cyclical as opposed to structural; and (3) the adequacy of current arrangements for engineering education and training. The following were among the main conclusions: (1) engineering skill problems are most apparent when they manifest in the form of external recruitment difficulties at the peak of each business cycle; (2) long-term trends in training levels and recruitment difficulties in the past 3 decades reflect structural rather than merely cyclical weaknesses in the British system of engineering training; (3) recent changes in markets and work organizations have significantly increased engineering employers' expectations of graduates; and (4) one way to expand modern apprenticeship (MA) numbers would be to develop preapprenticeship courses to prepare underqualified 16- and 17-year-olds for later entry to MA schemes. (Fourteen tables/figures are included. The bibliography lists 34 references.) (MN)
Descriptors: Apprenticeships, Business Cycles, Change Strategies, Delivery Systems, Education Work Relationship, Educational Attainment, Educational Change, Educational Demand, Educational Improvement, Educational Needs, Educational Quality, Employment Patterns, Employment Qualifications, Engineering Education, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Information Needs, Job Skills, Labor Economics, Labor Market, Labor Needs, Labor Supply, Labor Turnover, Needs Assessment, Policy Formation, Recruitment, Salary Wage Differentials, Skill Development, Supply and Demand, Systems Approach, Technical Education, Technical Institutes, Technical Occupations, Technological Advancement, Trend Analysis, Universities, Work Environment, Work Experience
DfEE Publications, P.O. Box 5050, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6YJ, England (SKT12). Tel: 0845 60 222 60; Fax: 0845 60 333 60. For full text: http://www.dfee.gov.uk/skillsforce.
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department for Education and Employment, London (England).
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (Great Britain)