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ERIC Number: ED451189
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Mar-2
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The "Standards" and Classroom Assessment Research.
Brookhart, Susan M.
This paper summarizes well-reviewed research about teacher competence in the skills described in the "Standards for Teacher Competence in the Educational Assessment of Students." It also examines additional research studies from 1990 to the present. The standards emphasize: choosing and developing assessment methods appropriate for instructional decisions; administering, scoring, and interpreting the results of externally produced and teacher produced assessment methods; using assessment results when making educational decisions; developing valid student grading procedures which use assessments; communicating assessment results to students, parents, and other lay audiences and educators; and recognizing unethical, illegal, and otherwise inappropriate assessment methods and uses of information. Three methods have been used to investigate teachers' knowledge and use of assessment: surveys of teacher attitudes, beliefs, and practices; tests of assessment knowledge; and reviews of teachers' assessments themselves. Teachers appear to do better at classroom applications than at interpreting standardized tests. They lack expertise in test construction, and they do not always use valid grading procedures. Few teachers provide criteria for grading or examples of student work ahead of time, and few involve students in creating criteria. Most studies have concluded that teachers need more instruction in assessment. (Contains 39 references.) (SM)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A