ERIC Number: ED451014
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
World City/Regional City: Latinos and African-Americans in Chicago and St. Louis. JSRI Working Paper No. 46.
Villanueva, Margaret; Erdman, Brian; Howlett, Larry
This paper traces the effects of economic restructuring through comparative socioeconomic profiles of African American and Latinos in the Midwest, with a focus on Chicago and Kansas City. Globalization has been associated with deindustrialization, relocation of jobs to developing countries with cheaper labor, and expansion of the service sector. A general decline in unionized blue-collar jobs and middle-class income has reduced upward mobility for all but a fortunate few. Cities identified as "world cities" such as Chicago exhibit a greater disparity between incomes of Whites and Latinos, Blacks, and other minority groups than smaller cities such as Kansas City. While minority residents and newcomers are most negatively affected by global restructuring, they are held responsible by the media and conservative politicians for high unemployment rates and increased poverty levels. Another global problem with local ramifications is the feminization of poverty. In the late 1980s there were twice the number of poor, female-headed households in the nation as in 1960. Socioeconomic profiles from the Midwest region and the Chicago area discredit certain popular myths. High unemployment, low income, and low labor force participation among Blacks cannot be correlated with low educational attainment. Citizenship status is not a determinant of income level. Asian Americans do not hold stronger socioeconomic positions than Whites. Comparisons between Chicago and Kansas City suggest a need for more research on "world cities" and medium-sized cities across regions. (Contains 85 references and 18 data tables.) (TD)
Descriptors: Blacks, Economic Change, Economic Impact, Education Work Relationship, Educational Attainment, Feminization of Poverty, Hispanic Americans, Immigrants, Minority Groups, Occupational Mobility, Poverty, Racial Discrimination, Regional Characteristics, Socioeconomic Status, Tables (Data), Urban Areas, Urban Demography
Full text at Web site: http://www.jsri.msu.edu/RandS/research/wps/wps46abs.html.
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Julian Samora Research Inst.
Identifiers - Location: Illinois (Chicago)