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ERIC Number: ED450985
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Mar
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Education Is a Total Way of Life: Models and the Reality.
Okuma, Michiyo Kiwako
A qualitative field study employing participant observation revealed that the Nisga'a, a Native people of northwest British Columbia, Canada, believe that education is a total way of life, with teaching and learning being a lifelong process. Traditionally, education was conducted by one's parents; extended family, especially maternal aunts and uncles; and members of one's clan. Education was not separated into schools, but happened in every societal setting through practical training and participation in tribal activities. With European contact, formal schooling was introduced, and progressed from missionary schools on Nisga'a land to missionary boarding schools and government-operated provincial boarding schools. The boarding schools devastated Nisga'a culture by removing children from their families and their tribal form of education, forbidding use of their native language, and exposing them to discrimination from non-Natives. Eventually the Nisga'a joined the British Columbia school system and established their own school district in their traditional territory. This kept the children home and exposed them to the traditional holistic style of education, but there is still the dichotomy of formal school and the other types of learning. The Nisga'a have provided Nisga'a language and culture courses, but other courses are provincially prescribed and not relevant to Nisga'a experience. The Nisga'a would like to see their language and culture incorporated throughout the curriculum. (Contains 36 references.) (TD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada