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ERIC Number: ED450957
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000
Pages: 12
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Child Development in the Context of Multicultural Pre-School Education.
Umek, Ljubica Marjanovic; Kranjc, Simona; Fekonja, Urska
This study examined the impact of a multicultural preschool curriculum in Slovenia on preschool children's sensitization to cultural differences and understanding of themselves, others, and different cultures. The curriculum was implemented for a 1-month period for 6.6- to 7-year-olds. Multicultural enrichment was evident in wall decorations, toys and objects in the play areas, and books touching upon topics of multicultural education. Special activities included joint activities with children with special needs and making a poster and a collage of pictures of people from other cultures. The six children in the experimental group were videotaped during free symbolic play both prior to the program and on the last day of the program. Also, on the last day of the program, children in the experimental group and children in another class who had not been exposed to the activities (matched in sex and age to the experimental group children) were interviewed regarding the views of story characters toward a little Indian boy who was different from other Indians. Analysis of the symbolic play showed no qualitative changes in the children's use of language. The prevailing toys used were the ones representing the children's natural environment. Differences did emerge, however, in the responses of children exposed to the multicultural curriculum and those not exposed to questions about a story character. Children in the experimental group gave greater priority to being kind and compassionate than to being big and strong, whereas children in the comparison group gave greater priority to being big and strong than to being kind and compassionate. Some differences also emerged in the two groups' explanation of the concepts of diversity and equality. (KB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Slovenia